I see that Sen. Harry Reid has a bill in play that would substantially increase penalties OSHA could levy for safety violations, including up to ten years prison time for really serious incidents; there is a similar bill in the House.
The new administrators at OSHA itself are also pushing for increased penalties.
The impression within the industry (I'm in janitorial service in Phoenix AZ)has been that the previous administration was somewhat more oriented toward a colaborative solving of problems, with fines as a fall-back option; we probably need to assume that those days (if they really existed) are past.
This would be a really good time for clients of janitorial services (and also for those folks doing their cleaning with in-house employees) to take a hard look at their service provider's safety training, chemical use and labeling, use of non-skid floor finish ("floor wax"), the clutter in the janitor closet, and so forth. Given that safety violations happen on the client's premises, and hence in his employees' workplace, the client would likely be liable for violations.
A bit about us:
My firm, CBN Building Maintenance, provides commercial cleaning services in Phoenix AZ and the wider metro area. We've been in business since 1974; hold the BBB's A-plus rating; and have long been in the forefront of the industry in environmentally sensitive cleaning for health, safety and security. Our program can generally improve Indoor Air Quality, in the size range of most allergens, by a factor of 50%, as reflected in our ongoing IAQ sampling.